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2019 GPU Models

We do not do AI (yet). Our GPU usage pattern is mostly one job per GPU for exclusive access. So no NVlink requirements, CPI connections sufficient. The application list is Amber, Gromacs, Lammps and some python biosequencing packages. Our current per GPU memory footprint is 8 GB which seems sufficient.

Quadro Tesla Turing
Model RTX 2080 Ti RTX TITAN RTX 4000 RTX 6000 RTX 8000 P100 V100 T4 Notes
Cores 4352 4608 2304 4608 4608 3584 5120 2560 parallel cuda
Memory 11 24 8 24 46 12 32 16 GB ddr6
Watts 250 280 250 295 295 250 250 70 !
Tflops - 0.5 - 0.5 - 4.7 7 - double fp64
Tflops 13.5 16 7 16 16 9.3 14 8.1 single fp32
Avg Bench 197% 215% 120% 207% 219% 120% 150% ?? user bench
Price $1,199 $2,499 $900 $4,000 $5,500 $4,250 $9,538 $2,200 list price
$/fp32 $89 $156 $129 $250 $344 $457 $681 $272
Notes small scale medium scale small scale medium scale large scale versatile but EOL most advanced supercharge
FP64? - some - some - yes yes - double precision

A lot of information comes from this web site Best GPU for deep learning. Deep learning (training and inference) are driving the GPU models more towards single precision (FP32) or even half precision (FP16) to speed up training. Double precision models (the P100 and V100) are still available but there is a scientific drive towards mixed precision applications (FP64/FP32 or FP32/FP16 or even integer mixes).

Bench statistics (Nvidia GTX 1070 is about 100% baseline) from this web site External Link

Most GPU models come in multiple memory configurations, showing the most common footprints.

This is a handy tool GPU Server Catalog

Learn more about the T4 … the T4 can run in mixed mode (fp32/fp16) and can deliver 65 Tflops. Other modes are INT8 at 130 Tops and INT4 260 Tops. Now at 65 Tflops mixed precision the cost dives to $34/tflop. Amazing. And the wattage is amazing too. See the next page for the fp64/fp32 mixed precision mode quandary…P100 vs RTX 6000 & T4

From Lammps developer: “Computing forces in all single precision is a significant approximation and mostly works ok in homogeneous system, where there is a lot of error cancellation. Using half precision in any form for force computations is not advisable.”

From Gromacs web site: “GROMACS simulations are normally run in “mixed” floating-point precision, which is suited for the use of single precision in FFTW. The default FFTW package is normally in double precision.”

Keep track of these

  1. does Amber run on the T4, the web site lists “Turing (SM_75) based cards require CUDA 9.2 or later.” but does not list the T4 (too new?).
  2. Gaussian g16c01 AVX enabled linux binaries - no linda “… include GPU support for NVIDIA K40, K80, P100, and V100 boards with 12 GB of memory or higher. A version of NVIDIA drivers compatible with CUDA 8.0 or higher.” We run CUDA 9.2, so ok, but OS platform 6.10 or 7.6 required? We're at 6.5 (n38-n45) or 7.5.10 (n33-n37, n78). Do not expect this to be a problem.


cluster/181.txt · Last modified: 2019/08/13 08:15 by hmeij07